Botany - Botanica: Verbascum - 28 photos - Data English-Espanol - Links to more Botany

Posted by Ricardo Marcenaro | Posted in | Posted on 15:31

Common Mullein, Aaron's Rod, Adam's Flannel, Fairy Tale Plant (Verbascum thapsus

Mullein 'Jackie' (Verbascum x phoeniceum)

Ornamental Mullein, Verbascum 'Banana Custard'

Purple Mullein (Verbascum atroviolaceum)

Purple Mullein (Verbascum phoeniceum)


 Verbascum blattaria

 Verbascum, /vɜrˈbæskəm/;[1] common name mullein (sg. /ˈmʌlɨn/[2] (also known as velvet plant) is a genus of about 250 species of flowering plants in the figwort family Scrophulariaceae. They are native to Europe and Asia, with the highest species diversity in the Mediterranean.

Mullein or "Mullein leaf" often refers to the leaves of Verbascum thapsus, the great or common mullein, which is frequently used in herbal medicine.


They are biennial or perennial plants, rarely annuals or subshrubs, growing to 0.5–3 m tall. The plants first form a dense rosette of leaves at ground level, subsequently sending up a tall flowering stem. Biennial plants form the rosette the first year and the stem the following season. The leaves are spirally arranged, often densely hairy, though glabrous (hairless) in some species. The flowers have five symmetrical petals; petal colours in different species include yellow (most common), orange, red-brown, purple, blue, or white. The fruit is a capsule containing numerous minute seeds.


In gardening and landscaping, the mulleins are valued for their tall narrow stature and for flowering over a long period of time, even in dry soils. Many cultivars are available, of which 'Gainsborough',[3]'Letitia'[4] and 'Pink Domino'[5] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

Since the year 2000, a number of new hybrid cultivars have come out that have increased flower size, shorter heights, and a tendency to be longer-lived plants. A number have new colors for this genus. Many mulleins are raised from seed, including both the short-lived perennial and biennial types.

Other uses

The plant has a long history of use as a herbal remedy.[6] Although this plant is a recent arrival to North America, Native Americans used the ground seeds of this plant as a paralytic fish poison due to their high levels of rotenone.[citation needed] Verbascum sp. flowers have been used in the traditional Austrian medicine internally (as tea) or externally (as ointment, tea, baths or compresses) for treatment of disorders of the respiratory tract, skin, veins, gastrointestinal tract, and the locomotor system.[7]

Mullein is the active ingredient in many alternative smoking blends.[citation needed]

It is considered a first-rate drill for use in the hand drill method of friction fire lighting.[citation needed]

Selected species

    Verbascum acaule (Bory & Chaub.) Kuntze
    Verbascum adeliae Heldr.
    Verbascum adenanthum Bornm.
    Verbascum adrianopolitanum Podp.
    Verbascum anisophylum Murb.
    Verbascum arcturus L.
    Verbascum argenteum Ten.
    Verbascum baldaccii Degen
    Verbascum banaticum Schrad.
    Verbascum barnadesii Vahl
    Verbascum bithynicum Boiss.
    Verbascum blattaria L. – Moth mullein
    Verbascum boerhavii L.
    Verbascum boissieri (Heldr. & Sart.) Kuntze
    Verbascum botuliforme Murb.
    Verbascum bombyciferum Boiss.
    Verbascum bugulifolium Lam.
    Verbascum chaixii Vill. – Nettle-leaved mullein
    Verbascum charidemii Murb.
    Verbascum chinense (L.) Santapau
    Verbascum chrysanthum Murb.
    Verbascum creticum (L.) Cav.
    Verbascum cylindrocarpum Griseb.
    Verbascum cyleneum (Boiss. & Heldr.) Kuntze
    Verbascum daenzeri (Fauché & Chaub.) Kuntze
    Verbascum davidoffii Murb.
    Verbascum decorum Velen.
    Verbascum delphicum Boiss. & Heldr.
    Verbascum densiflorum Bertol.
    Verbascum dentifolium Delile
    Verbascum dieckianum Borbás & Degen
    Verbascum dimoniei Velen.
    Verbascum dingleri Mattf. & Stef.
    Verbascum dumulosum P.H.Davis
    Verbascum durmitoreum Rohlena
    Verbascum epixanthinum Boiss. & Heldr.
    Verbascum eriophorum Godr.
    Verbascum euboicum Murb. & Rech.f.
    Verbascum foetidum Boiss. & Heldr.
    Verbascum formosum Fisch. ex Schrank
    Verbascum friedrichsthalianum Kuntze
    Verbascum georgicum Benth.
    Verbascum glabratum Friv.
    Verbascum glandulosum Delile
    Verbascum gnaphalodes M.Bieb.
    Verbascum graecum Heldr. & Sart. ex Boiss.
    Verbascum guicciardii Heldr. ex Boiss.
    Verbascum halacsyanum Sint. & Bornm. ex Halácsy
    Verbascum haussknechtii Heldr. ex Hausskn.
    Verbascum hervieri Degen
    Verbascum herzogii Bornm.
    Verbascum humile Janka
    Verbascum hypoleucum Boiss. & Heldr.
    Verbascum jankaeanum Pancic
    Verbascum juruk Stef.
    Verbascum laciniatum (Poir.) Kuntze
    Verbascum lagurus Fisch. & C.A.Mey.
    Verbascum lanatum Schrad.
    Verbascum lasianthum Boiss. ex Benth.
    Verbascum leianthum Benth.
    Verbascum leucophylum Griseb.
    Verbascum levanticum I.K.Ferguson
    Verbascum litigiosum Samp.
    Verbascum longifolium Ten.
    Verbascum longirostris (Murb.) Huber-Morath
    Verbascum lychnitis L. – White mullein
    Verbascum macedonicum Kosanin & Murb.
    Verbascum macrurum Ten.
    Verbascum malophorum Boiss. & Heldr.
    Verbascum mucronatum Lam.
    Verbascum nevadense Boiss.
    Verbascum nicolai Rohlena
    Verbascum nigrum L. – Dark mullein
    Verbascum niveum Ten.
    Verbascum nobile Velen.
    Verbascum gypsicola Vural & Aydoğdu
    Verbascum olympicum Boiss.
    Verbascum orientale (L.) Al.
    Verbascum orphanideum Murb.
    Verbascum ovalifolium Donn ex Sims
    Verbascum paniculatum Wulf.
    Verbascum pelium Halácsy
    Verbascum pentelicum Murb.
    Verbascum pestalozzae Murb.
    Verbascum phlomoides L. – Orange mullein
    Verbascum phoeniceum L. – Purple mullein
    Verbascum pinnatifidum Vahl
    Verbascum pseudonobile Stoj. & Stef.
    Verbascum pulverulentum Vill. – Hoary mullein
    Verbascum purpureum (Janka) Hub.-Mor.
    Verbascum pycnostachyum Boiss. & Heldr.
    Verbascum pyramidatum M.Bieb.
    Verbascum reiseri Halácsy
    Verbascum roripifolium (Halácsy) I.K.Ferguson
    Verbascum rotundifolium Ten.
    Verbascum rupestre (Davidov) I.K.Ferguson
    Verbascum samniticum Ten.
    Verbascum scardicola Bornm.
    Verbascum siculum Tod. ex Lojac.
    Verbascum sinuatum L. – Wavyleaf mullein
    Verbascum songaricum Schrenk
    Verbascum spathulisepalum Greuter & Rech. f.
    Verbascum speciosum Schrad. – Showy mullein
    Verbascum spectabile M.Bieb.
    Verbascum spinosum L.
    Verbascum tzar-borisii (Davidov ex Stoj.) Stef.-Gat.
    Verbascum thapsus L. – Great mullein or Common mullein
    Verbascum undulatum Lam.
    Verbascum vandasii (Rohlena) Rohlena
    Verbascum virgatum Stokes – Twiggy mullein
    Verbascum viridissimum Stoj. & Stef.
    Verbascum widemannianum Fisch. & Mey.
    Verbascum xanthophoeniceum Griseb.
    Verbascum zuccarinii (Boiss.) I.K.Ferguson

 Verbascum blattaria - Mount Lebanon

Verbascum blue

Verbascum bombyciferum 

Verbascum densiflorum 'dense flowered mullein'

Verbascum densiflorum

Verbascum Jackie  

Verbascum Lavender Lass

Verbascum Mullein

Verbascum Mullein

Verbascum nigrum
Gordolobo, Verbascum densiflorum sinónimo: Verbascum thapsiforme es una planta nativa de Europa y Asia Menor donde crece en terrenos baldíos, taludes y praderas secas.


Es una planta bienal lanosa. Tallo erecto que alcanza 70-120 cm de altura. Las hojas son anchas, lanceoladas con vellosidad. Las flores son amarillas que se agrupan en un racimo denso al final del tallo floral.

    Utilizado como expectorante en diversas tisanas pectorales.
    Las flores tienen pigmento amarillo que ya utilizaban la mujeres romanas para poner rubio el cabello.


Verbascum densiflorum fue descrita por L. (1753) (Bertol) y publicado en Rariorum Liguriae (Italiae) Plantarum 3: 52. 1810. 1


Verbascum: nombre genérico que deriva del vocablo latino Barbascum (barba), refiriéndose a la vellosidad que cubre la planta.


    Verbascum phlomoides subsp. thapsiforme Rouy [1909]
    Verbascum velenovskii Horák [1900]
    Verbascum thapsiforme subsp. cuspidatum (Schrad.) Arcang. [1882]
    Verbascum thapsiforme Schrad. [1813]
    Verbascum stiriacum Fritsch [1888]
    Verbascum phlomoides var. thapsiforme (Schrad.) P.Fourn. [1937]
    Verbascum phlomoides var. gymnostemon Franch. [1868]
    Verbascum phlomoides var. cuspidatum (Schrad.) Wirtg. [1857]
    Verbascum phlomoides subsp. thapsiforme (Schrad.) Celak. [1871]
    Verbascum messanense Tineo in Guss. [1844]
    Verbascum macrantherum Halácsy [1892]
    Verbascum linkianum Mariz [1907]
    Verbascum grandiflorum Poir. in Lam. [1814]
    Verbascum eremocharis Gand. [1875]
    Verbascum cuspidatum Schrad. [1813]
    Verbascum crassifolium Hoffmanns. & Link [1811]
    Verbascum bicolle Schrank [1789]
    Verbascum thapsiforme subsp. densiflorum Bertol
    Verbascum alatum Dulac3

 Verbascum nigrum

Verbascum phoeniceum  

Verbascum phoeniceum 'Violetta'

Verbascum phoeniceum mix  

Verbascum pulverulentum  

Verbascum Royalty

Verbascum Sugar Plum

Verbascum violetta


Especies – Species

Ginkgo Biloba

Orchard - Zapallo


Vainilla – Vanilla





Venegasia carpesioides










Fungus – Hongos


Botany: Fungus. Hongos. Funji: Agrocybe  

Aleuria Aurantia























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Botany - Botanica: Verbascum - 28 photos - Data English-Espanol - Links to more Botany

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