Music: Tinariwen - Aratan - Adagh - Tamikrset - 2 vids - Musicians from Mali

Posted by Ricardo Marcenaro | Posted in | Posted on 20:50

Tamikrest - Aratan N Tinariwen

Tinariwen (Tamasheq: tinariwén "deserts", plural of ténéré "desert"[1]) is a band of Tuareg musicians from the Sahara Desert region of northern Mali. The band was formed in 1979[2] in Tamanrasset, Algeria, but returned to Mali after a cease-fire in the 1990s.[3] The group first started to gain a following outside the Sahara region in 2001, with the release of The Radio Tisdas Sessions, and the performances at Festival au Désert in Mali[4] and at the Roskilde festival in Denmark.[5] Their popularity rose internationally with the release of the critically acclaimed Aman Iman in 2007. Tinariwen's biography has variously been described as "the most compelling of any band" (Songlines), "the most rock'n'roll of them all" (The Irish Times), "hard-bitten" (, and "dramatic" (The Independent).[citation needed]

The band released their fifth album Tassili on August 30, 2011.[6] The album later won the Award for Best World Music Album at the 54th Grammy Awards.[7]


Early years

Tinariwen was founded by Ibrahim Ag Alhabib, who at age four witnessed the execution of his father (a Tuareg rebel) during a 1963 uprising in Mali. As a child he saw a western film in which a cowboy played a guitar. Ag Alhabib built his own guitar out of a tin can, a stick and bicycle brake wire. He started to play old Tuareg and modern Arabic pop tunes.[citation needed] Ag Alhabib first lived in Algeria in refugee camps near Bordj Badji Mokhtar and in the deserts around the southern city of Tamanrasset, where he received his first acoustic guitar from a local Arab man.[8] Later, he resided with other Tuareg exiles in Libya and Algeria.

In the late 1970s Ag Alhabib joined with other musicians in the Tuareg rebel community, exploring the radical chaabi protest music of Moroccan groups like Nass El Ghiwane and Jil Jilala; Algerian pop rai; and western rock and pop artists like Elvis Presley, Led Zeppelin, Carlos Santana, Dire Straits, Jimi Hendrix, Boney M, and Bob Marley. Ag Alhabib formed a group with Inteyeden Ag Ablil, his brother Liya, Ag Ablil, and Hassan Ag Touhami in Tamanrasset, Algeria to play at parties and weddings.[9] They acquired their first real acoustic guitar in 1979. While the group had no official name, people began to call them Kel Tinariwen, which in the Tamashek language translates as "The People of the Deserts" or "The Desert Boys."

In 1980, Libyan ruler Muammar al-Gaddafi put out a decree inviting all young Tuareg men who were living illegally in Libya to receive full military training. Gaddafi dreamed of forming a Saharan regiment, made up of the best young Tuareg fighters, to further his territorial ambitions in Chad, Niger, and elsewhere. Ag Alhabib and his bandmates answered the call and received nine months of training. They answered a similar call in 1985, this time by leaders of the Tuareg rebel movement in Libya, and met fellow musicians Keddou Ag Ossade, Mohammed Ag Itlale (aka "Japonais"), Sweiloum, Abouhadid, and Abdallah Ag Alhousseyni. All sang and played guitar in various permutations. The musicians joined together in a collective (now known as Tinariwen) in order to create songs about the issues facing the Tuareg people, built a makeshift studio, and vowed to record music for free for anyone who supplied a blank cassette tape. The resulting homemade cassettes were traded widely throughout the Sahara region.

In 1989, the collective left Libya and moved to Ag Alhabib's home country of Mali, where he returned to his home village of Tessalit for the first time in 26 years. In 1990 the Tuareg people of Mali revolted against the government, with some members of Tinariwen participating as rebel fighters. After a peace agreement known as the Tamanrasset Accords was reached in January 1991, the musicians left the military and devoted themselves to music full-time. In 1992 some of the members of Tinariwen went to Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire to record a cassette at JBZ studios. They played occasional gigs for far-flung Tuareg communities throughout the Sahara region, gaining word-of-mouth popularity among the Tuareg people.

Tamikrest - Adagh

Tinariwen (en tamazight : los desiertos, plural de teneré) es un grupo musical tuareg de Malí, África.

Los miembros principales son Ibrahim ag Alhabib (Abraybone) y Alhousseini ag Abdoulahi (Abdallah), ambos cantautores y guitarristas, y la cantante Mina wallet Oumar.


El grupo se presentó por primera vez en 1982, en un festival en Argel, con el nombre de Taghreft Tinariwen, que luego abreviarían en Tinariwen. Durante la rebelión tuareg de los años 1990, sus canciones eran un mensaje de esperanza y una llamada a la resistencia, y tuvieron una gran difusión en casetes.

Con la firma, en Malí, del Pacto National de 1992 y el regreso de la paz, Tinariwen actúa en varios festivales. El líder del grupo desde 1993 a 1999 fue Mohamed ag Ansar (Manny) que, en la actualidad, es el director del Festival del Desierto.

Su primer disco, The Radio Tisdas Sessions, fue grabado en 2002 utilizando energía solar.

Empezaron a ser conocidos en Occidente a partir de su actuación en enero de 2003 en el primer Festival del Desierto (Le Festival au Désert), organizado para celebrar el fin de la guerra entre las tribus tuaregs y el gobierno de Malí. El lugar elegido fue Essakane, un oasis equidistante de Bamako y Tombuctú, y el festival contó con el apoyo del Ministerio de Cultura y del de Artesanía y Turismo de Malí.

El disco siguiente, Amassakoul, 2004, fue un éxito internacional y actuaron en Europa, Estados Unidos, Canadá y Asia.

El director cinematográfico francés Jérémie Reichenbach realizó un documental sobre el grupo, Teshumara, les guitares de la rébellion touareg (Teshumara, las guitarras de la rebelión tuareg), que, en 2006, recibió el Gran Premio de la SACEM, la sociedad de autores de Francia.

En 2012 ganaron el Premio Grammy al Mejor Album de World Music por Tassili (2011).


Alhousseini ag Abdoulahi (Abdallah).

    2011: Tassili.
    2009: Imidiwan.
    2007: Aman Iman (Emma/Universal Music).
    2004: Amassakoul (World Village/Harmonia Mundi).
    2001: The Radio Tisdas Sessions (Wrasse Records).

    (...) En mi tierra no hay pastos para las vacas y las cabras
    Es un país para la camella y su camellito
    En el Teneré al norte de Ebouss
    No hay nada
    Ni un árbol, ni una brizna de hierba
    Y siempre hace calor (...)

        "Mano Dayak" (del álbum Aman Iman)

Music: Tinariwen - Aratan - Adagh - Tamikrset - 2 vids - Musicians from Mali

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