Drawing - Dibujo: Thomas Rowaldson - Apuntes del paisaje de su contemporaneidad - Noting from the landscape of his contemporanity - Part 1 - Bio - Biografía - 14 works - 14 obras

Posted by ricardo marcenaro | Posted in | Posted on 18:11


Open your mind, your heart to other cultures
Abra su mente, su corazón a otras culturas
You will be a better person
Usted será una mejor persona
RM

Thomas Rowaldson
Portsmouth Point, 1811


Thomas Rowlandson 
Going Out in the Morning


Thomas Rowlandson 
A Fall In Beer


Thomas Rowlandson (14 July 1756 – 22 April 1827) was an English artist and caricaturist.

Biography

Rowlandson was born in Old Jewry, in the City of London. He was the son of a tradesman or city merchant. On leaving school he became a student at the Royal Academy. At the age of 16, he lived and studied for a time in Paris, and later made frequent tours to the Continent, enriching his portfolios with numerous jottings of life and character. In 1775 he exhibited a drawing of Delilah visiting Samson in Prison, and in the following years he was represented by various portraits and landscapes. He was spoken of as a promising student; had he continued his early application he would have made his mark as a painter. But by the death of his aunt, a French lady, he inherited £7,000, plunged into the dissipations of the town and was known to sit at the gaming-table for 36 hours at a stretch

In time poverty overtook him; and the friendship and examples of James Gillray and Henry William Bunbury seem to have suggested caricature as a means of filling an empty purse. His drawing of Vauxhall, shown in the Royal Academy exhibition of 1784, had been engraved by Pollard, and the print was a success. Rowlandson was largely employed by Rudolph Ackermann, the art publisher, who in 1809—issued in his Poetical Magazine The Schoolmaster’s Tour—a series of plates with illustrative verses by Dr. William Combe. They were the most popular of the artist’s works. Again engraved by Rowlandson himself in 1812, and issued under the title of the Tour of Dr Syntax in Search of the Picturesque, they had attained a fifth edition by 1813, and were followed in 1820 by Dr Syntax in Search of Consolation, and in 1821 by the Third Tour of Dr Syntax in Search of a Wife.

He also produced a body of erotic prints and woodcuts, many of which may be considered pornographic by today's standards.

The same collaboration of designer, author and publisher appeared in the English Dance of Death, issued in 1814–16, one of the most admirable of Rowlandson’s series, and in the Dance of Life, 1817. Rowlandson also illustrated Smollett, Goldsmith and Sterne, and his designs will be found in The Spirit of the Public Journals (1825), The English Spy (1825), and The Humourist (1831). He died in London, after a prolonged illness, on 22 April 1827.

Rowlandson’s designs were usually done in outline with the reed-pen, and delicately washed with colour. They were then etched by the artist on the copper, and afterwards aquatinted—usually by a professional engraver, the impressions being finally coloured by hand. As a designer he was characterized by the utmost facility and ease of draughtsmanship, and the quality of his art suffered from this haste and over-production. He dealt less frequently with politics than his fierce contemporary, Gillray, but commonly touching, in a rather gentle spirit, the various aspects and incidents of social life. His most artistic work is to be found among the more careful drawings of his earlier period; but even among the exaggerated caricature of his later time we find hints that this master of the humorous might have attained to the beautiful had he so willed.

His work included a personification of the United Kingdom named John Bull who was developed from about 1790 in conjunction with other British satirical artists such as Gillray and George Cruikshank.



References

    Falk, Bernard (1952). Thomas Rowlandson: His Life and Art. Beechhurst Press.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Rowlandson


Thomas Rowlandson 
Captain Barclays Rally Match


Thomas Rowlandson 
Elegant Company On Blackfriars Bridge


Thomas Rowlandson 
Fording The River Camel Cornwall


Thomas Rowlandson (Londres, julio de 1756—22 de abril de 1827) fue un pintor, caricaturista y grabador inglés, considerado el más importante maestro de la tradición satírica después de William Hogarth. Su labor más conocida fue la ilustración de textos humorísticos. También ideó una versión inglesa de la antigua Danza de la Muerte y grabados de atrevido erotismo.

Vida y obra

Nace en Old Jewry, un barrio judío de Londres, hijo de un comerciante. Aún niño, al dejar el colegio ingresa en la Royal Academy. A los 16 años de edad ya está en París, donde vive y estudia; posteriormente viaja por el continente europeo, haciendo bocetos y tomando nota de la vida y costumbres de la gente de otros lugares.

En 1775 exhibe un dibujo titulado Dalila visitando a Sansón en prisión, y el siguiente año realiza varios retratos y paisajes. Su prometedora carrera como pintor se tuerce paradójicamente por un golpe de buena suerte: recibe una herencia de 7.000 libras, y la despilfarra por su adicción al juego. Se contaba que en una ocasión permaneció sentado jugando a las cartas durante 36 horas seguidas.

La ludopatía llevó a Rowlandson a la ruina, y la necesidad de ganar dinero rápido le abocó a centrarse en la producción de caricaturas satíricas. Asociado al editor Rudolph Ackermann diseñó numerosas ilustraciones, mayormente humorísticas, que le hicieron muy popular. Su primer gran éxito fue la serie sobre El maestro de escuela (Dr. Syntax), una narración humorística en verso escrita por William Combe. Este personaje, que por su idealismo y aspecto peculiar recuerda al Quijote, se dio a conocer en 1809 en una versión ilustrada por entregas, y a raíz del éxito alcanzado el editor Ackermann lanzó en 1812 una versión mejorada en formato de libro, con 30 grabados de Rowlandson. A este primer relato (El 'tour' de Dr. Syntax en busca de lo pintoresco) le siguieron dos secuelas: Dr. Syntax en busca de consuelo (1820) y En busca de una esposa (1821). Ambas se produjeron igualmente gracias a la colaboración del escritor Combe y de Rowlandson.

Si bien el artista abordó la crítica política como lo había hecho Hogarth, esta faceta no fue prioritaria en su producción. Mayor relevancia tienen sus ilustraciones eróticas, tan explícitas que son calificadas de pornográficas.

En 1814-16 creó una versión humorística y actualizada (inglesa, según su título) de la Danza de la Muerte, tema de origen medieval que se había hecho popular en el siglo XVI por varias series grabadas como la de Hans Holbein el Joven.

Acuciado por sus continuas estrecheces económicas, Rowlandson siguió diseñando numerosas ilustraciones, ya con una calidad decreciente.

Al contrario que la mayoría de los ilustradores europeos del siglo XIX, acostumbraba a grabar personalmente sus planchas, si bien el resultado final era producto de un trabajo en equipo. Rowlandson grababa al aguafuerte las líneas principales, y otros grabadores especializados añadían retoques a la aguatinta. Una vez estampadas, las hojas eran coloreadas a mano, con lógicas variaciones de tonos pero respetando las pautas marcadas por Rowlandson y el editor.

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Rowlandson




Thomas Rowlandson 
Greenwich Hospital


Thomas Rowlandson 
The Sick Dog


Thomas Rowaldson
Sea stores


Thomas Rowaldson
Selling a wife


Thomas Rowaldson
St Lukes Hospital


Thomas Rowaldson
Stolen Kisses


Thomas Rowaldson  
The anatomist


Thomas Rowaldson  
 The exhibition stare case








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Thanks

Usted tiene una guía alfabética al pie de la página en el blog: solitary dog sculptor
En el blog: Solitary Dog Sculptor I, la guia alfabética está en el costado derecho de la página
Gracias




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Drawing - Dibujo: Thomas Rowaldson - Apuntes del paisaje de su contemporaneidad - Noting from the landscape of his contemporanity - Part 1 - Bio - Biografía - 14 works - 14 obras



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