Posted by ricardo marcenaro | Posted in Cartoon - Historieta: Bernie Wrightson - Part 1 - Bio data English y Espanol | Posted on 7:59
Wrightson received training in art from watching Jon Gnagy on television, reading comics, particularly those of EC, as well as through a correspondence course from the Famous Artists School. His early (and lasting) artistic influences were Frank Frazetta and Graham Ingels.
In 1966, Wrightson began working for The Baltimore Sun newspaper as an illustrator. The following year, after meeting artist Frank Frazetta at a comic-book convention in New York City, he was inspired to produce his own stories. In 1968, he showed copies of his sequential art to DC Comics editor Dick Giordano and was given a freelance assignment. Wrightson began spelling his name "Berni" in his professional work to distinguish himself from an Olympic diver named Bernie Wrightson, but later restored the final "e" to his name.
In 1968 he drew his first professional comic book story, "The Man Who Murdered Himself", which appeared in House of Mystery #179 (March–April 1969). He continued to work on a variety of mystery and anthology titles for both DC and, a few years later, its principal rival, Marvel Comics. It was for Marvel's Chamber of Darkness and Tower of Shadows titles where he was first encouraged to slightly simplify his intricate pen-and-ink drawing, and where his lush brushwork, a hallmark of his comics inking in the 1970s, was first evidenced.
With writer Len Wein, Wrightson co-created the muck creature Swamp Thing in House of Secrets #92 (July 1971) in a standalone horror story set in the early 20th century. Wein later recounted how Wrightson became involved with the story: "Bernie Wrightson had just broken up with a girlfriend, and we were sitting in my car just talking about life - all the important things to do when you're 19 and 20 years old. [Laughs] And I said, 'You know, I just wrote a story that actually kind of feels like the way you feel now.' I told him about Swamp Thing, and he said, 'I gotta draw that.'"
In summer 1972 he published Badtime Stories, a horror/science fiction comics anthology featuring his own scripts and artwork (from 1970–71), each story being drawn in a different medium (ink wash, tonal pencil drawings, duoshade paper, screen tones, e.g., along with traditional pen-and-ink and brushwork).
He and writer Marv Wolfman co-created Destiny in Weird Mystery Tales #1 (July-Aug. 1972), a character which would later be used in the work of Neil Gaiman.
In the fall of 1972 the Swamp Thing returned in his own series, set in the contemporary world and in the general DC continuity. Wrightson drew the first ten issues of the series. Abigail Arcane, a major supporting character in the Swamp Thing mythos was introduced in issue #3 (Feb.-March 1973).
Wrightson had originally been asked by DC to handle the art for its revival of The Shadow, but he left the project early on when he realized he could not produce the necessary minimum number of pages on time, along with his work on Swamp Thing. Michael Kaluta illustrated the series, but Wrightson did contribute much to the third issue in both pencils and inks, as well as inking the splash page of issue four.
In January 1974, he left DC to work at Warren Publishing, for whose black-and-white horror-comics magazines he produced a series of original work as well as short story adaptations. As with BadTime Stories, Wrightson experimented with different media in these black-and-white tales: Edgar Allan Poe's "The Black Cat" featured intricate pen-and-ink work which stood in direct contrast with his brush-dominated Swamp Thing panels. "Jenifer", scripted by Bruce Jones, was atmospherically rendered with gray markers. "The Pepper Lake Monster" was a synthesis of brush and pen-and-ink, whereas H.P. Lovecraft's "Cool Air" was a foray into duotone paper. "Nightfall" was an exercise in ink wash and a subtle "Little Nemo in Slumberland" satire, and "The Muck Monster" a sequential art precursor to Wrightson's Frankenstein, with the Franklin Booth-inspired pen-and-ink style in evidence.
In 1975, Wrightson joined with fellow artists Jeff Jones, Michael Kaluta, and Barry Windsor-Smith to form The Studio, a shared loft in Manhattan where the group would pursue creative products outside the constraints of comic book commercialism. Though he continued to produce sequential art, Wrightson at this time began producing artwork for numerous posters, prints, calendars, and even coloring books. He also drew sporadic comics stories and single illustrations for National Lampoon magazine from 1973 to 1983.
Wrightson spent seven years drawing approximately 50 detailed pen-and-ink illustrations to accompany an edition of Mary Shelley's novel Frankenstein.
The "Captain Sternn" segment of the animated film Heavy Metal is based on a character created by Wrightson (first appearing in the June, 1980 issue of Heavy Metal magazine). The Freakshow graphic novel, written by Bruce Jones and illustrated (via pen, brush, and ink with watercolors) by Wrightson, was published in Spain in 1982 and serialized in Heavy Metal magazine in the early 1980s.
In 1983 Bernie Wrightson illustrated the comic book adaptation of the Stephen King-penned horror film Creepshow. This led to several other collaborations with King, including illustrations for the novella "Cycle of the Werewolf", the restored edition of King's apocalyptic horror epic, The Stand, and Wolves of the Calla, the fifth installment of King's Dark Tower series.
Jim Starlin and Wrightson produced Heroes for Hope, a 1985 one-shot designed to raise money for African famine relief and recovery. Published in the form of a comics "jam," the book featured an all-star lineup of comics creators as well as a few notable authors from outside the comic book industry, such as Stephen King, George R. R. Martin, Harlan Ellison, and Edward Bryant. In 1986, Wrightson and writer Susan K. Putney collaborated on the Spider-Man: Hooky graphic novel. That same year saw Wrightson and Starlin produce a second benefit comic, Heroes Against Hunger featuring Superman and Batman which was published by DC and like the earlier Marvel project featured many top comics creators. Starlin and Wrightson collaborated on two miniseries in 1988, The Weird and Batman: The Cult, as well as Marvel Graphic Novel #29 featuring the Hulk and the Thing for Marvel.
He has illustrated cards for Last Unicorn Games' collectible card game Heresy: Kingdom Come, and has contributed album covers for a number of bands, including Meat Loaf.
Wrightson did production design for the characters the Reavers in the 2005 film Serenity.
In 2012, Wrightson collaborated with Steve Niles on Frankenstein Alive, Alive! published by IDW Publishing, for which he won a National Cartoonists Society's award.
Wrightson won the Shazam Award for Best Penciller (Dramatic Division) in 1972 and 1973 for Swamp Thing, the Shazam Award for Best Individual Story (Dramatic) in 1972 for Swamp Thing #1 (with Len Wein).
He has received additional nominations, including for the Shazam Award for Best Inker in 1973 for Swamp Thing, as well as that year's Shazam for Best Individual Story, for "A Clockwork Horror" in Swamp Thing #6 (with Len Wein). He won the Shazam Award for Best Penciller (Dramatic Division) in 1974.
Wrightson was co-recipient of the Bob Clampett Humanitarian Award for 1986, along with Jim Starlin, for his work on Heroes for Hope.
Wrightson received the H.P. Lovecraft Award (also known as the "Howie") at the 2007 H.P. Lovecraft Film Festival in Portland, Oregon.
He received the National Cartoonists Society's award in the category Comic Books for 2012 for Frankenstein Alive, Alive!.
Aquaman Annual #4 (cover) (1998)
Batman #265, #400 (interiors); #241, #320, Annual #22 (covers) (1972-98)
Batman: Hidden Treasures #1 (2010)
Batman: Nevermore (covers) #1-5 (2003)
Batman: The Cult #1-4 (1988)
Detective Comics #425 (cover) (1972)
Flinch #14 (2000)
Green Lantern Annual #7 (cover) (1998)
Heroes Against Hunger (2 pages only) (1986)
House of Mystery #179-181, 183, 186, 188, 191, 195, 204; (covers): #193-194, 207, 209, 211, 213-214, 217, 221, 229, 231, 236, 255-256 (1969–78)
House of Mystery, vol. 2, #9; (cover): #1 (2009)
House of Secrets #92; (covers): #93-94, 96, 100, 103, 106-107, 135, 139 (1971–76)
JLA Annual #2 (cover) (1998)
Jonah Hex #9 (cover) (1978)
Kong the Untamed #1-2 (covers) (1975)
Plop! #1, 5 (1973–74)
Secrets of Haunted House #5, 44 (covers) (1975–82)
Showcase (Nightmaster) #83-84 (1969)
Spectre #9 (1969)
Spectre, vol. 3 #58 (cover) (1997)
Superman/Batman Annual #3 (cover) (2009)
Swamp Thing #1-10 (1972-74)
Tales of the Unexpected #4 (cover) (2007)
The Unexpected #116, 119, 128 (1970–71)
Toe Tags Featuring George Romero (cover) #1-6
Welcome Back to the House of Mystery #1 (cover) (1998)
The Weird #1-4 (1988)
Weird Mystery Tales #1 (interiors); #21 (cover) (1972–75)
Wonder Woman Annual #7 (cover) (1998)
Witching Hour #3, 5 (1969)
Batman/Aliens (miniseries) #1-2 (1997)
Astonishing Tales #31 (cover inks) (1975)
Captain Marvel #41-42 (interiors); #43 (cover) (1975-76)
Chamber of Darkness #7 (interior); #8 (cover) (1970)
Clive Barker's Hellraiser #1 (1989)
Conan the Barbarian #12 (1971)
Creatures on the Loose (King Kull) #10 (1971)
Doctor Strange Special Edition #1 (cover) (1983)
Dreadstar #6-7 (1983)
Epic Illustrated #8, 10, 22, 25, 30, 34 (interiors); #30 (cover)(1984–86)
Gargoyle #1 (cover) (1985)
Giant-Size Chillers #3 (cover) (1975)
Heroes for Hope starring the X-Men #1 (3 pages only) (1985)
The Incredible Hulk #197 (cover) (1976)
Marvel Graphic Novel #22 (Spider-Man: "Hooky"); #29 (The Hulk and the Thing: "The Big Change") (1986–87)
Punisher: Purgatory #1-4 (1998–99)
The Punisher P.O.V #1-4 (1991)
Savage Tales (King Kull) #2 (1973)
The Tomb of Dracula #43 (cover) (1976)
Tower of Shadows #8-9 (covers) (1971)
Werewolf by Night #37 (cover) (1976)
Creepy #62-63, 77, 87, 91, 95 (1974–78)
Eerie #58, 60, 62, 68, 72 (1974–76)
Vampirella (backup stories) #33 (along with Jeff Jones), 63 (1974–77)
Treehouse of Horror #11 segment "Squish Thing", which itself was a parody of Swamp Thing
Berni Wrightson: Master of the Macabre #1-5 (Pacific/Eclipse)
City of Others #1-4 (Dark Horse)
Dead, She Said (with Steve Niles, IDW Publishing, 2008-ongoing)
Captain Sternn: Running Out of Time #1-5 (Kitchen Sink)
Collected Purple Pictography 1 (Eros)
Creepshow trade paperback
Frankenstein Monster #7 (Image)
Night Terrors (Chanting Monks Press)
Nightmare Theatre #1-4 (Chaos! Comics)
Tarzan Le Monstre #11-12 (Dark Horse)
So Dark the Rose
Twisted Tales #2 (Pacific Comics)
Web of Horror #1-3
The National Lampoon Encyclopedia of Humor,1973
Comic Book Marketplace #105, 2003
Back Issue, 2004 #6
Alter Ego, Oct. 2004 #41
Comic Book Profiles, Spring 1998 Issue #2
Comic Book Artist, Spring 1999 #4
The Art of Wrightson : A Pop-Up Portfolio, 1996, Sideshow, Incorporated, ISBN 1889164003
Badtime Stories, 1972, Graphic Masters
The Berni Wrightson Treasury, 1975, Omnibus Publishing
Bernie Wrightson's Frankenstein, 1983, Dodd, Mead & Company, ISBN 0396082777
Berni Wrightson: A Look Back, 1991, Underwood Books, ISBN 0887331300
Berni Wrightson: Back for More, 1978, Archival Press, Inc., ISBN 091582230X
The Conan Grimoire, by L. Sprague DeCamp, 1972, Mirage Press
The Conan Reader, by L. Sprague DeCamp, 1968, Mirage Press
Creepshow by Stephen King, 1982, NAL
Cycle of the Werewolf, by Stephen King, 1985, NAL, ISBN 0451822196
The Dark Tower V: Wolves of the Calla, by Stephen King, 2006, Pocket Books, ISBN 141651693X
The House of Mystery by Jack Oleck, 1973, Warner Books
The Lost Frankenstein Pages, 1993, Apple Pr Inc., ISBN 0927203081
The Monsters Color the Creature Book, 1974, Phil Seuling
The Mutants, 1980, Mother of Pearl, ISBN 093784800X
The Reaper of Love and Other Stories, 1988, Fantagraphics Books, ISBN 093019361X
The Stand-Complete and Uncut by Stephen King, 1990, Dbldy; BOMC edition
The Studio (includes work by other artists), 1979, Dragons Dream, ISBN 9063325819
Stuff Out'a My Head, by Joseph M. Monks, 2002, Chanting Monks Press, ISBN 0972660402
Zombie Jam, by David J. Schow, 2005, Subterranean Press, ISBN 1931081778
Si bien en 1968 tuvo su primer reconocimiento como nuevo talento en una convención de ciencia ficción, su carrera profesional comenzó dos años después al publicar en la revista House of Mystery. En 1971 aparece Swamp Thing, con textos de Len Wein en el número 92 de la revista House of Secrets, pasando a tener su propia serie al año siguiente. Wrightson deja de dibujar al personaje en el número 10. De su trabajo posterior se destaca la ilustración de historias de terror para la editorial Warren, incluyendo trabajos de Stephen King. Ha ilustrado también epidodios de Batman (The Cult) y The Punisher, entre otros.
Su relación con el cine incluye no solo el diseño de personajes para Los Cazafantasmas o Spider-Man, sino también la actuación en When Zombies Attack!! (2001).
Creepy presenta a WRIGHTSON MAESTRO DEL TERROR (relatos cortos), Toutain Editor, (1981)
Creepy presenta a LA COSA DEL PANTANO (relatos cortos escritos por Len Wein sobre La Cosa del Pantano), Toutain Editor, (1983)
Creepy presenta a CREEPSHOW (adaptación de la película Creepshow) Toutain Editor, (1984)
FERIA DE MONSTRUOS (con guion de Bruce Jones) (en color), Toutain Editor , (1984)
SPIDERMAN HOOKY, NOVELAS GRÁFICAS MARVEL Nº 2 (guion de Susan K. Putney), Comics Forum (1986)
FRANKENSTEIN (ilustraciones sobre la obra de Mary Shelley), Ediciones la Urraca, 1983
BERNI WRIGHTSON OBRAS COMPLETAS 1 (relatos cortos), Toutain Editor, (1991)
BERNI WRIGHTSON OBRAS COMPLETAS 2 (relatos cortos), Toutain Editor, 1992)
BERNI WRIGHTSON OBRAS COMPLETAS 3 (relatos cortos), Ediciones Zinco, 1993)
FERIA DE MONSTRUOS (con guion de Bruce Jones), (en blanco y negro), Planeta DeAgostini, (2005)
LA COSA DEL PANTANO: Génesis oscura (guion de Len Wein), Planeta DeAgostini, (2007)
Clásicos DC, House of Mystery, anfitrión BERNI WRIGHTSON, (recopilación primeros relatos del autor para DC Comics) Planeta DeAgostini, (2009)
FRANKENSTEIN (ilustraciones sobre la obra de Mary Shelley), Planeta DeAgostini, 2010
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