Posted by ricardo marcenaro | Posted in Painter: Alfred Sisley - Part 1 - Bio data English-Espanol - Links | Posted on 13:14
Alfred Sisley by Renoir
Alfred Sisley A Corner of the Roches-Courtaut Woods, June
Alfred Sisley View of the Canal St. Martin
Alfred Sisley Village of Champagne at Sunset - April
Alfred Sisley Village Street - Grey Weather
Alfred Sisley Village Street - Louveciennes
Alfred Sisley Village Street in Marlotte
Alfred Sisley Villeneuve-la-Garenne
Among his important works are a series of paintings of the River Thames, mostly around Hampton, executed in 1874, and landscapes depicting places in or near Moret-sur-Loing.
Sisley was born on 30 October 1839 in Paris to affluent British parents. His father, William Sisley, was in the silk business, and his mother Felicia Sell was a cultivated music connoisseur.
In 1857 at the age of 18, Sisley was sent to London to study for a career in business, but he abandoned it after four years and returned to Paris in 1861. From 1862, he studied at the Paris École des Beaux-Arts within the atelier of Swiss artist Marc-Charles-Gabriel Gleyre, where he became acquainted with Frédéric Bazille, Claude Monet, and Pierre-Auguste Renoir. Together they would paint landscapes en plein air rather than in the studio, in order to realistically capture the transient effects of sunlight. This approach, innovative at the time, resulted in paintings more colorful and more broadly painted than the public was accustomed to seeing. Consequently, Sisley and his friends initially had few opportunities to exhibit or sell their work. Their works were usually rejected by the jury of the most important art exhibition in France, the annual Salon. During the 1860s, though, Sisley was in a better financial position than some of his fellow artists, as he received an allowance from his father.
In 1866, Sisley began a relationship with Eugénie Lesouezec (1834–1898; also known as Marie Lescouezec), a Breton living in Paris. The couple produced two children: son Pierre (born 1867) and daughter Jeanne (1869). At the time, Sisley lived not far from Avenue de Clichy and the Café Guerbois, the gathering-place of many Parisian painters.
In 1868, his paintings were accepted at the Salon, but the exhibition did not bring him financial or critical success; nor did subsequent exhibitions.
In 1870 the Franco-Prussian War began, and as a result Sisley's father's business failed and the painter's sole means of support became the sale of his works. For the remainder of his life he would live in poverty, as his paintings did not rise significantly in monetary value until after his death. Occasionally, however, Sisley would be backed by patrons; and this allowed him, among other things, to make a few brief trips to Britain.
The first of these occurred in 1874 after the first independent Impressionist exhibition. The result of a few months spent near London was a series of nearly twenty paintings of the Upper Thames near Molesey, which was later described by art historian Kenneth Clark as "a perfect moment of Impressionism."
Until 1880, Sisley lived and worked in the country west of Paris; then he and his family moved to a small village near Moret-sur-Loing, close to the forest of Fontainebleau, where the painters of the Barbizon school had worked earlier in the century. Here, as art historian Anne Poulet has said, "the gentle landscapes with their constantly changing atmosphere were perfectly attuned to his talents. Unlike Monet, he never sought the drama of the rampaging ocean or the brilliantly colored scenery of the Côte d'Azur."
In 1881 Sisley made a second brief voyage to Britain.
In 1897 Sisley and his partner visited Britain again, and were finally married in Cardiff Register Office on 5 August. They stayed at Penarth, where Sisley painted at least six oils of the sea and the cliffs. In mid-August they moved to the Osborne Hotel at Langland Bay on the Gower Peninsula, where he produced at least eleven oil paintings in and around Langland Bay and Rotherslade Bay (then called Lady's Cove). They returned to France in October. This was Sisley's last voyage to his ancestral homeland. The National Museum Cardiff possesses two of his oil paintings of Penarth and Langland.
The following year Sisley applied for French citizenship, but was refused. A second application was made and supported by a police report, but illness intervened, and Sisley remained British till his death.
The painter died on 29 January 1899 of throat cancer in Moret-sur-Loing at the age of 59, a few months after the death of his wife.
Sisley's student works are lost. His earliest known work, Lane near a Small Town, is believed to have been painted around 1864. His first landscape paintings are sombre, coloured with dark browns, greens, and pale blues. They were often executed at Marly and Saint-Cloud. Little is known about Sisley's relationship with the paintings of J. M. W. Turner and John Constable, which he may have seen in London, but some have suggested that these artists may have influenced his development as an Impressionist painter, as may have Gustave Courbet and Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot.
Among the Impressionists Sisley has been overshadowed by Monet, although his work most resembles that of Camille Pissarro. Described by art historian Robert Rosenblum as having "almost a generic character, an impersonal textbook idea of a perfect Impressionist painting", his work strongly invokes atmosphere, and his skies are always impressive. He concentrated on landscape more consistently than any other Impressionist painter.
Among Sisley's best-known works are Street in Moret and Sand Heaps, both owned by the Art Institute of Chicago, and The Bridge at Moret-sur-Loing, shown at Musée d'Orsay, Paris. Allée des peupliers de Moret (The Lane of Poplars at Moret) has been stolen three times from the Musée des Beaux-Arts in Nice - once in 1978 when on loan in Marseilles (recovered a few days later in the city's sewers), again in 1998 (when the museum's curator was convicted of the theft and jailed for five years with two accomplices) and finally in August 2007 (on 4 June 2008 French police recovered it and three other stolen paintings from a van in Marseilles).
In 1952 Paul Georges sold a painting in New York City putatively by Alfred Sisley (for $2000) to help neighbor Mme. Mac Guffie, a widow from France. Her husband was a dentist from Scotland who traded paintings from his customers who were Impressionist painters.
An amazingly large number of fake Sisleys have been discovered. Sisley produced some 900 oil paintings, some 100 pastels and many other drawings, although he only lived to be 59 years old.
Alfred Sisley Washerwomen
Alfred Sisley Willows on the Banks of the Orvanne
Alfred Sisley Windy Day at Veneux
Alfred Sisley Winter Landscape, Moret
De padres ingleses, fue enviado a Inglaterra para aprender el idioma y realizar estudios de comercio, contrarios a sus deseos artísticos. Era muy aficionado de la pintura e ingresa en el estudio de Charles Gleyre donde conoce a Pierre-Auguste Renoir y Frédéric Bazille. La guerra franco-prusiana de 1870 arruinó a su familia y obligó a Sisley a marchar a Londres. Decide entonces ser pintor. En 1874 expuso en la primera exposición de los impresionistas y lo continuaría haciendo en 1876, 1877 y 1882.
Sisley fue eminentemente un pintor paisajista, que se distinguió de sus colegas impresionistas por la decisiva intervención en sus cuadros de los elementos más imponderables: el agua, la nieve, el cielo, la niebla, de tal forma que ha sido considerado, junto a Monet, como uno de los impresionistas más puros. Entre 1872 y 1880 realizó lo mejor de su producción: paisajes de gran espontaneidad de los alrededores de París, de Marly, Louveciennes, Bougival, Sèvres, Saint-Cloud o Meudon.
Sisley nunca alcanzó el renombre de la mayor parte de sus compañeros impresionistas y vivió en la miseria a partir del momento en que dejó de recibir la ayuda económica de su acomodada familia. Esta situación se produjo a causa del hundimiento del negocio familiar en 1871. Falleció como había vivido, en la pobreza, antes de poder contemplar como sus cuadros, que en angustiosos momentos de penuria había vendido a precios irrisorios, al poco de su muerte comenzaban a ser apreciados por la crítica y el público y alcanzaban elevadas cotizaciones en el mercado artístico.
Painter: Alfred Sisley - Part 1 - Bio data English-Espanol - Links
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