Painter: John William Waterhouse - Part 1 - Bio English-Espanol - Links

Posted by ricardo marcenaro | Posted in | Posted on 16:58


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John William Waterhouse (1903) Windflowers


 John William Waterhouse (1903) Windflowers (detail)


 John William Waterhouse - Saint Eulalia - 1885


John William Waterhouse - Saint Eulalia - 1885 (Study)


 John William Waterhouse - Ulysses and the Sirens (1891)


 John William Waterhouse - Undine


John William Waterhouse A tale from a Decameron


John William Waterhouse Circe envidiosa


John William Waterhouse Circe offering the cup to Ulysses 1891


 John William Waterhouse Cleopatra


John William Waterhouse Dante and Beatrice


John William Waterhouse Diogenes


 John William Waterhouse Echo and Narcissus

 John William Waterhouse (born between January and April 1849; died 10 February 1917) was an English painter known for working in the Pre-Raphaelite style. He worked several decades after the breakup of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, which had seen its heyday in the mid-nineteenth century, leading him to have gained the moniker of "the modern Pre-Raphaelite".[1] Borrowing stylistic influences not only from the earlier Pre-Raphaelites but also from his contemporaries, the Impressionists,[1] his artworks were known for their depictions of women from both ancient Greek mythology and Arthurian legend.

Born in Italy to English parents who were both painters, he later moved to London, where he enrolled in the Royal Academy of Art. He soon began exhibiting at their annual summer exhibitions, focusing on the creation of large canvas works depicting scenes from the daily life and mythology of ancient Greece. Later on in his career he came to embrace the Pre-Raphaelite style of painting despite the fact that it had gone out of fashion in the British art scene several decades before.

Although not as well known as earlier Pre-Raphaelite artists such as Dante Gabriel Rossetti, John Everett Millais and William Holman Hunt, Waterhouse's work is currently displayed at several major British art galleries, and the Royal Academy of Art organised a major retrospective of his work in 2009.

Біографії

Early life

Waterhouse was born in the city of Rome to the British painters William and Isabella Waterhouse in 1849, in the same year that the members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, including Dante Gabriel Rossetti, John Everett Millais and William Holman Hunt, were first causing a stir in the London art scene.[2] The exact date of his birth is unknown, though he was baptised on 6 April, and the later scholar of Waterhouse's work, Peter Trippi, believed that he was born between 1 and 23 January.[3] His early life in Italy has been cited as one of the reasons why many of his later paintings were set in ancient Rome or based upon scenes taken from Roman mythology.

In 1854, the Waterhouses returned to England and moved to a newly built house in South Kensington, London, which was near to the newly founded Victoria and Albert Museum. Waterhouse, or 'Nino' as he was nicknamed, coming from an artistic family, was encouraged to get involved in drawing, and often sketched artworks that he found in the British Museum and the National Gallery.[4] In 1871 he entered the Royal Academy of Art school, initially to study sculpture, before moving on to painting.

Early career

Waterhouse's early works were not Pre-Raphaelite in nature, but were of classical themes in the spirit of Alma-Tadema and Frederic Leighton. These early works were exhibited at the Dudley Gallery, and the Society of British Artists, and in 1874 his painting Sleep and his Half-brother Death was exhibited at the Royal Academy summer exhibition.[5] The painting was a success and Waterhouse would exhibit at the annual exhibition every year until 1916, with the exception of 1890 and 1915. He then went from strength to strength in the London art scene, with his 1876 piece After the Dance being given the prime position in that year's summer exhibition. Perhaps due to his success, his paintings typically became larger and larger in size.[5]

Later career

In 1883 he married Esther Kenworthy, the daughter of an art schoolmaster from Ealing who had exhibited her own flower-paintings at the Royal Academy and elsewhere. They did not have any children. In 1895 Waterhouse was elected to the status of full Academician. He taught at the St. John's Wood Art School, joined the St John's Wood Arts Club, and served on the Royal Academy Council.

One of Waterhouse's most famous paintings is The Lady of Shalott, a study of Elaine of Astolat, who dies of grief when Lancelot will not love her. He actually painted three different versions of this character, in 1888, 1894, and 1916. Another of Waterhouse's favorite subjects was Ophelia; the most famous of his paintings of Ophelia depicts her just before her death, putting flowers in her hair as she sits on a tree branch leaning over a lake. Like The Lady of Shalott and other Waterhouse paintings, it deals with a woman dying in or near water. He also may have been inspired by paintings of Ophelia by Dante Gabriel Rossetti and Millais. He submitted his Ophelia painting of 1888 in order to receive his diploma from the Royal Academy. (He had originally wanted to submit a painting titled "A Mermaid", but it was not completed in time.) After this, the painting was lost until the 20th century, and is now displayed in the collection of Lord Lloyd-Webber. Waterhouse would paint Ophelia again in 1894 and 1909 or 1910, and planned another painting in the series, called "Ophelia in the Churchyard".

Waterhouse could not finish the series of Ophelia paintings because he was gravely ill with cancer by 1915. He died two years later, and his grave can be found at Kensal Green Cemetery in London.[6]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_William_Waterhouse

 John William Waterhouse Hylas


 John William Waterhouse Hylas (detail)


John William Waterhouse Hylas (detail)


John William Waterhouse Ophelia 1894


John William Waterhouse Ophelia 1910


John William Waterhouse portrait

John William Waterhouse (Roma, 6 de abril de 1849 - Londres, 10 de febrero de 1917). Pintor británico. Hijo de artistas, sus comienzos como pintor estuvieron influidos por el neoclasicismo victoriano. En la fase siguiente es un pintor prerrafaelita. Más tarde estuvo atraído por el planairismo de los impresionistas franceses. Si al principio de su carrera se dedicó a temas de la antigüedad clásica, más adelante abordó los literarios, siempre con un estilo suave y misterioso, imbuido de romanticismo, que permiten encuadrarlo dentro del simbolismo. Pintor famoso en vida, su fama decayó durante el siglo XX. A fines de esta centuria se produjo sin embargo una revalorización de sus aportaciones a la historia de la pintura.


Vida

John William Waterhouse nació en Roma en 1849, donde su padre, de nacionalidad inglesa, trabajaba como pintor. Fue apodado como Nino durante su infancia. En la década de 1850, regresa con su familia a Inglaterra, donde aprende italiano de su padre y lo ayuda en su taller. En 1870 ingresa en la Royal Academy Schools de Londres. Sus primeras obras son de temática clásica y fueron exhibidas en la Royal Academy, la Sociedad de Artistas Británicos y la Dudley Gallery.

Con 28 años viaja por el extranjero, teniendo especial predilección por Italia, y ello se vio fuertemente reflejado en sus obras, influenciado por la vida y costumbres italianas. Las creaciones de esta época son de temática de la historia antigua y el género clásico, similares a las del pintor Alma-Tadema, no obstante también creó pinturas con ciertos aires orientales.

Desde 1880 expone anualmente sus cuadros en The Royal Academy y en The Academy. Entre los años 1885 y 1895 es nombrado socio y académico de The Royal Academy.

En 1883, después de su matrimonio con Esther Kenworthy, Waterhouse se estableció en Primrose Hill Studios (primero en el número 3 y más tarde en el 6). También fueron ocupantes de Primrose Hill Studios los artistas Arthur Rackham y Patrick Caulfield.

En 1891 Waterhouse conoce una modelo, cuyo nombre se cree que fue Muriel Foster, que comienza a posar para sus cuadros, que más tarde serán célebres.

Waterhouse es patrocinado por Alexander Henderson, financiero, quien desde 1903 hasta su muerte le compra varias pinturas. Fallece en Londres el 10 de febrero de 1917.
Evolución artística

El estilo pictórico de Waterhouse se mantuvo prácticamente inalterable en toda su vida, pero en cualquier caso, la temática de sus obras va cambiando según la etapa que atravesaba.
En una primera etapa podemos distinguir obras de temática clásica, correspondiente a los viajes de Waterhouse por Italia. A partir de 1880 inicia una nueva época basada en temas literarios, donde se ve una clara influencia de la mitología y literatura griegas. A partir de 1900, influenciado por el Impresionismo, se muestra más tranquilo y utiliza colores más claros y brillantes.

Obras destacadas:

    Sueño y su hermanastro Muerte (1874).
    Oráculo (1884).
    La dama de Shalott (1888).
    Ulises y las sirenas (1891).
    Hylas y las ninfas (1896).
    Eco y Narciso (1903).
    Ofelia (1910).
    Tristán e Isolda (1916).


http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_William_Waterhouse




Painter: John William Waterhouse - Part 1 - Bio English-Espanol - Links






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